埃及进出口贸易流向数据，又称埃及贸易流向数据，英文名称为EgyptTrade Flow，简称EGTF，一般按产品的前6位海关编码查询搜索，也可按 8位编码、4位编码或2位编码（整章）搜索查询，每月更新。
埃及进出口商名录，英文名称为Egypt Importers andExporters，简称EGIE，来源于动态海关数据，包括埃及进出口企业的详细联系方式，如电子邮件、网址、地址、邮编、联系人、电话、传真等。您可根据贵司具体需求通过埃及进出口商名录直接和埃及进出口企业联系。
Official Name: ArabRepublic of Egypt
Capital City: Cairo (17,856,000)
Largest Cities: Cairo, Alexandria, El Qahira
Currency: Egyptian Pound
Languages: Arabic (official), English, French
Religions: Muslim (94%)
Land Area: 995,450 sq km (384,343 sq miles)
Land Divisions: 26 governorates; including Ad Daqahliyah, Al Bahr alAhmar, Al Buhayrah, Al Fayyum, Al Gharbiyah, Al Iskandariyah, Al Isma'iliyah,Al Jizah, Al Minufiyah, Al Minya, Al Qahirah, Al Qalyubiyah, Al Wadi al Jadid,Ash Sharqiyah, As Suways, Aswan, Asyut, Bani Suwayf, Bur Sa'id, Dumyat, JanubSina', Kafr ash Shaykh, Matruh, Qina, Shamal Sina' and Suhaj
Egypt is one of the most populous countries in Africa and the MiddleEast. The great majority of its over 82.2 million people live near the banksof the Nile River, in an area of about 40,000 square kilometers (15,000 sq mi),where the only arable land is found. The large areas of the Sahara Desertare sparsely inhabited. About half of Egypt'sresidents live in urban areas, with most spread across the densely populatedcentres of greater Cairo, Alexandria and other major cities in the NileDelta.
Monuments in Egyptsuch as the Gizapyramid complex and its Great Sphinx were constructed by its ancient civilization.Its ancient ruins, such as those of Memphis, Thebes, and Karnak and the Valley of the Kings outside Luxor, are a significantfocus of archaeological study. The tourism industry and the Red Sea Rivieraemploy about 12% of Egypt'sworkforce.
The economy of Egyptis one of the most diversified in the Middle East,with sectors such as tourism, agriculture, industry and service at almost equalproduction levels.
At 1,001,450 square kilometers (386,660 sq mi), Egypt is the world's 30th-largest country.In land area, it is about the same size as all Central America, twice thesize of Spain, four times the size of the United Kingdom, and thecombined size of the US states of Texas and California. It lies betweenlatitudes 22° and 32°N, and longitudes 24° and 36°E.
Nevertheless, due to the aridity of Egypt'sclimate, population centres are concentrated along the narrow Nile Valleyand Delta, meaning that about 99% of the population uses only about 5.5% of thetotal land area. Egyptis bordered by Libya to thewest, Sudan to the south,and by the Gaza Strip and Israelto the east. Egypt'simportant role in geopolitics stems from its strategic position: atranscontinental nation, it possesses a land bridge (the Isthmus of Suez) betweenAfrica and Asia, traversed by a navigable waterway (the Suez Canal) thatconnects the Mediterranean Sea with the Indian Ocean by way of the Red Sea.
Apart from the Nile Valley, the majority of Egypt's landscape is desert. Windscreate prolific sand dunes that peak at more than 100 feet (30 m) high. Egyptincludes parts of the Sahara Desert and of the Libyan Desert.These deserts that protected the Kingdom of the Pharaohs from western threatswere referred to as the 'red land' in ancient Egypt.
Towns and cities include Alexandria, the second largest city; Aswan;Asyut; Cairo, the modern Egyptian capital and largest city; El-MahallaEl-Kubra; Giza, the site of the Pyramid of Khufu; Hurghada; Luxor; Kom Ombo;Port Safaga; Port Said; Sharm el Sheikh; Suez, where the Suez Canal is located;Zagazig; and Al-Minya. Oases include Bahariya, el Dakhla, Farafra, el Khargaand Siwa. Protectorates include Ras Mohamed National Park, Zaranik Protectorate and Siwa.
Egyptis divided into 27 governorates. The governorates are further divided intoregions. The regions contain towns and villages. Each governorate has acapital, sometimes carrying the same name as the governorate.
In April 2008, Cairo and Gizawere subdivided into 4 governorates, namely the governorates of Cairo, Giza,6 October and Helwan. As of April 2011, 6 October and Helwan governorates wereagain incorporated into Giza and Cairo respectively. In 2009, the city of Luxor was declared anindependent governorate.
Egypt's economydepends mainly on agriculture, media, petroleum exports, exports of naturalgas, and tourism; there are also more than three million Egyptians workingabroad, mainly in Saudi Arabia,the Persian Gulf and Europe. The completion ofthe Aswan High Dam in 1970 and the resultant LakeNasser have altered the time-honoredplace of the Nile River in the agriculture and ecology of Egypt. Arapidly growing population, limited arable land, and dependence on the Nile all continue to overtax resources and stress theeconomy.
The government has invested in communications and physicalinfrastructure. Egypt hasreceived U.S. foreign aid(since 1979, an average of $2.2 billion per year) and is the third-largestrecipient of such funds from the United Statesfollowing the Iraqwar. Its main revenues however come from tourism as well as traffic that goesthrough the Suez Canal.
Egypthas a developed energy market based on coal, oil, natural gas, and hydro power.Substantial coal deposits are in the northeast Sinai, and are mined at the rateof about 600,000 metric tons (590,000 long tons; 660,000 short tons) per year.Oil and gas are produced in the western desert regions, the Gulf of Suez, and the Nile Delta. Egypt has huge reserves of gas,estimated at 1,940 cubic kilometres (470 cu mi), and LNG is exported to manycountries.
Economic conditions have started to improve considerably after a periodof stagnation from the adoption of more liberal economic policies by theGovernment, as well as increased revenues from tourism and a booming stockmarket. In its annual report, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has rated Egypt as one ofthe top countries in the world undertaking economic reforms. Some majoreconomic reforms taken by the new government since 2003 include a dramatic slashingof customs and tariffs. A new taxation law implemented in 2005 decreasedcorporate taxes from 40% to the current 20%, resulting in a stated 100%increase in tax revenue by the year 2006.
Foreign direct investment (FDI) into Egypt has increased considerably inthe past few years, exceeding $6 billion in 2006, due to the recent economicliberalization and privatization measures taken by minister of investmentMahmoud Mohieddin.
Although one of the main obstacles still facing the Egyptian economy isthe trickle down of the wealth to the average population, many Egyptianscriticize their Government for higher prices of basic goods while theirstandards of living or purchasing power remains relatively stagnant. Corruptionis often cited by Egyptians as the main impediment to further economicgrowth.The Government promises major reconstruction of the country'sinfrastructure, using money paid for the newly acquired third mobile license($3 billion) by Etisalat.
Egypt's most prominentmultinational companies are the Orascom Group and Raya Contact Center. The IT sector hasexpanded rapidly in the past few years, with many start-ups selling outsourcingservices to North America and Europe,operating with companies such as Microsoft, Oracle and other majorcorporations, as well as many small and medium enterprises. Some of thesecompanies are the Xceed Contact Center, Raya, E Group Connections and C3. Thesector has been stimulated by new Egyptian entrepreneurs with Governmentencouragement.
An estimated 2.7 million Egyptians abroad contribute actively to thedevelopment of their country through remittances (US$ 7.8 billion in 2009), aswell as circulation of human and social capital and investment.